绿色圃中小学教育网

 找回密码
 免费注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始


查看: 603|回复: 4

中考必考50句型和八大时态

[复制链接]
发表于 2020-3-28 21:43:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语
There're three books on the table.
桌子上有三本书。


句型2:What's wrong with+sb./sth.?
What's wrong with your telephone?
你的手机有什么毛病?


句型3:How do you like…?
How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样?


句型4:What do you like about…?
What do you like about China?
你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:had better(not)+动词原形
You'd better ask that policeman over there.
你最好去问问那边的那个警察。


句型7:Thank+sb.+for (doing) sth.
Thank you for coming to see me.
感谢你来看我。


句型8:So+be/情态动词/助动词+主语
He is a student. So am I.
他是一个学生,我也是。


句型9:not…until…
He didn't have supper until his parents came back.
直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。


句型10:比较级十and+比较级
The baby cried harder and harder.
那孩子哭得越来越厉害。


句型11:the+比较级,the+比较级
The more one has,the more one wants.
拥有的越多,想要的越多。


句型12:…as+adj./adv.+as…
…not as(so)+adj./adv.+as…
Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.
上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:more/less +adj.+than…
I think art is less important than music.
我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.
The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.
绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both…and…
Both you and I are students.
我和你都是学生。


句型16:either…or…
Either you or he is wrong.
不是你错就是他错。


句型17:neither…nor…
Neither he nor I am a student.
我和他都不是学生。


句型18:…as soon as…
As soon as I see him, I'll give him the message.
我一见到他就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:so+adj./adv.+that…
I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.
我累得连话也不想说了。


句型20:Though…十主句
Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.
虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。


句型21:be going to
This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.
今天下午我要去买本英语书。


句型22:be different from
I think this is different from Chinese names.
我认为这与汉语名字不同。


句型23:Welcome (back) to…
Welcome back to school!
欢迎回到学校!


句型24:have fun doing
We're going to have fun learning English this term.
这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习讲英语。


句型25:…because…/…, so..…
I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson.
因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:Why don't you…/ Why not…?
Why don't you come to school a little earlier?
为什么不早点到校呢?


句型27:make it
Let's make it half past nine.
让我们定在九点半吧!


句型28:have nothing to do
They have nothing to do every day.
他们每天无所事事。


句型29:be sure/be sure of/ about sth. /be sure to do sth.
I was not sure of/about the way, so I asked someone.
我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。


句型30:between…and…
There is a shop between the hospital and the school.
在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2020-3-28 21:43:50 | 显示全部楼层
微尘:

句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语
There're three books on the table.
桌子上有三本书。


句型2:What's wrong with+sb./sth.?
What's wrong with your telephone?
你的手机有什么毛病?


句型3:How do you like…?
How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样?


句型4:What do you like about…?
What do you like about China?
你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:had better(not)+动词原形
You'd better ask that policeman over there.
你最好去问问那边的那个警察。


句型7:Thank+sb.+for (doing) sth.
Thank you for coming to see me.
感谢你来看我。


句型8:So+be/情态动词/助动词+主语
He is a student. So am I.
他是一个学生,我也是。


句型9:not…until…
He didn't have supper until his parents came back.
直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。


句型10:比较级十and+比较级
The baby cried harder and harder.
那孩子哭得越来越厉害。


句型11:the+比较级,the+比较级
The more one has,the more one wants.
拥有的越多,想要的越多。


句型12:…as+adj./adv.+as…
…not as(so)+adj./adv.+as…
Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.
上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:more/less +adj.+than…
I think art is less important than music.
我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.
The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.
绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both…and…
Both you and I are students.
我和你都是学生。


句型16:either…or…
Either you or he is wrong.
不是你错就是他错。


句型17:neither…nor…
Neither he nor I am a student.
我和他都不是学生。


句型18:…as soon as…
As soon as I see him, I'll give him the message.
我一见到他就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:so+adj./adv.+that…
I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.
我累得连话也不想说了。


句型20:Though…十主句
Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.
虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。


句型21:be going to
This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.
今天下午我要去买本英语书。


句型22:be different from
I think this is different from Chinese names.
我认为这与汉语名字不同。


句型23:Welcome (back) to…
Welcome back to school!
欢迎回到学校!


句型24:have fun doing
We're going to have fun learning English this term.
这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习讲英语。


句型25:…because…/…, so..…
I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson.
因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:Why don't you…/ Why not…?
Why don't you come to school a little earlier?
为什么不早点到校呢?


句型27:make it
Let's make it half past nine.
让我们定在九点半吧!


句型28:have nothing to do
They have nothing to do every day.
他们每天无所事事。


句型29:be sure/be sure of/ about sth. /be sure to do sth.
I was not sure of/about the way, so I asked someone.
我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。


句型30:between…and…
There is a shop between the hospital and the school.
在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。


句型31:keep sb. /sth. +adj. /V-ing /介词补语 /adv.
You must keep your classroom clean.
你们必须保持教室干净。
Sorry to have kept you waiting.
对不起,让你久等。


句型32:find+宾语+宾补
He finds it very hard to travel around the big city.他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。


句型33:…not…any more / longer
The old man doesn't travel any more.
这位老人不再旅行了。


句型34:What's the weather like…?
What's the weather like in spring in your hometown?
在你们家乡,春天天气怎么样?


句型35:There is no time to do/have no time to do
There was no time to think.
没有时间思考。
I have no time to go home for lunch.
我没有时间回家吃午饭。


句型36:Help oneself to…
Help yourself to some fish.
吃鱼吧!


句型37:used to do
I used to read this kind of story books.
我过去常读这种故事书。


句型38:borrow…from
I borrowed a book from him.
我从他那借了一本书。


句型39:lend sb. sth. /lend sth. to sb.
He lent me a story book/He lent a story book to me.
他借了本故事书给我。


句型40:have been to
Have you ever been to Hawaii?
你曾去过夏威夷吗?

微尘:

句型41:have gone to

Where's he? He's gone to Washington.

他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。


句型42:be famous for

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。


句型43:No matter+疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。


句型44:be afraid (of/to do/that..)

Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。


句型45:…as…as possible/…as…as sb. can

I hope to see him as soon as possible.

我希望能尽快见到他。

He ran here as fast as he could.

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。


句型46:practise /enjoy/finish doing

Tom enjoys playing football very much.

汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

He finished reading the story book.

他看完了那本故事书。


句型47:ask sb. (not) to do sth.

Her mother ask her to clean the room.

她妈妈叫她打扫房间。


句型48:be worth (doing) …

This book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。


句型49:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)

He seems to be angry.

他似乎生气了。

The house seems too noisy.

这房子似乎太吵了。


句型50:It's said that…

It's said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

据说大白鲨是最危险的鲨鱼之一。

回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2020-3-28 21:44:12 | 显示全部楼层
微尘:

1、概念:表示经常发生的情况;有规律出现的情况;总是发生的;事实真理。

2.时间状语: Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week (day, year, month…), on Sundays (on Mondays…), etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词原形(如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)

4.否定形式:主语+am / is / are+not+其他;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加 don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首;用助动词 do 提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 does,同时,还原行为动词。

eg:
①It seldom snows here. 这里很少下雪。
②He is always ready to help others. 他总是乐于帮助别人。
③Action speaks louder than words. 事实胜雄辩。

二、一般过去时

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last (year,night,month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time,etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词的过去式或 be 的过去式+名词

4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+其他;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;用助动词 do 的过去式 did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

eg:
①She often came to help us in those days.那些天她经常来帮助我们。
②I didn't know you were so busy.我不知道你这么忙。

三、一般将来时

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.

微尘:
2.时间状语:Tomorrow, next day (week,month, year…),  soon, in a few minutes, by…, the day after tomorrow,etc.
3.基本结构:主语+am/is / are+going to+do+其它;主语+will / shall+do+其它
4.否定形式:主语+am /is/ are not going to+do;主语+will / shall not do+其它
5.一般疑问句:be 放于句首;will / shall 提到句首。(首字母大写)
eg:①They are going to have a competition with us in studies.他们将在学习中与我们竞争。②It is going to rain.天要下雨了。
四、一般过去将来时

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。
2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.
3.基本结构:主语+was / were+going to+do+其它;主语+would / should+do+其它
4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+going to+do+其它;主语+would/should+not+do.
5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;would / should 提到句首
eg:①He said he would go to Beijing the next day. 他说他第二天要去北京。②I asked who was going there. 我问,谁要去那里。
五、现在进行时
1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。
2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, look, listen, etc.
3.基本结构:主语+be+doing+其它
4.否定形式:主语+be+not+doing+其它
5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。
eg:
①Are you feeling good today?你今天感觉如何?
②He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。
六、过去进行时
1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。
2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time 或以 when 引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。
3.基本结构: 主语+was / were+doing+其它
4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not+doing+其它
5.一般疑问句:把 was 或 were 放于句首。(第一个字母大写)
eg:①At that time she was working in a company. 那段时间她在一家公司工作。②When he came in, I was reading a newspaper. 他进来时,我正在读报纸。
七、现在完成时
1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
2.时间状语:yet, already, just, never, ever, so far, by now, since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years,etc.
3.基本结构:主语+have / has+过去分词+其它
4.否定形式:主语+have / has+not+过去分词+其它
5.一般疑问句:have 或 has 放句首。
eg:①I've written an article. 我已经写了一篇论文。②The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years. 在过去的几年,农村发生了巨大的变化。
八、过去完成时
1.概念:过去发生或者已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year (term, month), etc.
3.基本结构:had+done.
4.否定形式:had+not+done.
5.一般疑问句:had 放于句首。
6.用法:(1)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句中。
eg:She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她从来没有去过巴黎。
(2)在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。
eg:①When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。
(3)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。
eg:①We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。
②I had hardly opened the door when he hit me. 我刚打开门,他就打了我。(注意:had hardly… when... 刚......就......)
③He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。(注意:had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……)
回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2020-3-28 21:48:11 | 显示全部楼层
微尘:

1、概念:表示经常发生的情况;有规律出现的情况;总是发生的;事实真理。

2.时间状语: Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week (day, year, month…), on Sundays (on Mondays…), etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词原形(如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)

4.否定形式:主语+am / is / are+not+其他;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加 don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首;用助动词 do 提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 does,同时,还原行为动词。

eg:
①It seldom snows here. 这里很少下雪。
②He is always ready to help others. 他总是乐于帮助别人。
③Action speaks louder than words. 事实胜雄辩。

二、一般过去时

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last (year,night,month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time,etc.

3.基本结构:主语+动词的过去式或 be 的过去式+名词

4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+其他;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;用助动词 do 的过去式 did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

eg:
①She often came to help us in those days.那些天她经常来帮助我们。
②I didn't know you were so busy.我不知道你这么忙。

三、一般将来时

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.

微尘:
2.时间状语:Tomorrow, next day (week,month, year…),  soon, in a few minutes, by…, the day after tomorrow,etc.
3.基本结构:主语+am/is / are+going to+do+其它;主语+will / shall+do+其它
4.否定形式:主语+am /is/ are not going to+do;主语+will / shall not do+其它
5.一般疑问句:be 放于句首;will / shall 提到句首。(首字母大写)
eg:①They are going to have a competition with us in studies.他们将在学习中与我们竞争。②It is going to rain.天要下雨了。
四、一般过去将来时

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。
2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.
3.基本结构:主语+was / were+going to+do+其它;主语+would / should+do+其它
4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+going to+do+其它;主语+would/should+not+do.
5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;would / should 提到句首
eg:①He said he would go to Beijing the next day. 他说他第二天要去北京。②I asked who was going there. 我问,谁要去那里。
五、现在进行时
1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。
2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, look, listen, etc.
3.基本结构:主语+be+doing+其它
4.否定形式:主语+be+not+doing+其它
5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。
eg:
①Are you feeling good today?你今天感觉如何?
②He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。
六、过去进行时
1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。
2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time 或以 when 引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。
3.基本结构: 主语+was / were+doing+其它
4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not+doing+其它
5.一般疑问句:把 was 或 were 放于句首。(第一个字母大写)
eg:①At that time she was working in a company. 那段时间她在一家公司工作。②When he came in, I was reading a newspaper. 他进来时,我正在读报纸。
七、现在完成时
1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
2.时间状语:yet, already, just, never, ever, so far, by now, since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years,etc.
3.基本结构:主语+have / has+过去分词+其它
4.否定形式:主语+have / has+not+过去分词+其它
5.一般疑问句:have 或 has 放句首。
eg:①I've written an article. 我已经写了一篇论文。②The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years. 在过去的几年,农村发生了巨大的变化。
八、过去完成时
1.概念:过去发生或者已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year (term, month), etc.
3.基本结构:had+done.
4.否定形式:had+not+done.
5.一般疑问句:had 放于句首。
6.用法:(1)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句中。
eg:She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她从来没有去过巴黎。
(2)在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。
eg:①When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。
(3)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。
eg:①We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。
②I had hardly opened the door when he hit me. 我刚打开门,他就打了我。(注意:had hardly… when... 刚......就......)
③He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。(注意:had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……)
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2020-5-17 12:25:18 | 显示全部楼层
补充一下:50个句型中缺少了第6句
句型6:too..to...太...而不能...
Tom is too young to look after his grandpa by himself.汤姆太小还不能独立照顾爷爷。
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 免费注册

本版积分规则

QQ|绿色圃中小学教育网 最新主题

GMT+8, 2020-5-26 01:02

绿色免费PPT课件试卷教案作文资源 中小学教育网 X3.2

© 2013-2016 小学语文数学教学网

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表