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中考英语复习初中单词,重点句型和短语集合

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发表于 2020-9-20 22:02:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
中重要句型

   本章着重归纳初中英语的常用句型,取材于学生用书,旨在使学生了解和掌握重要句型。我们从初中开始就应该知道词不离句是学习英语的重要方法。有些人背课文上的词汇表,机械的一遍一遍的重复,往往记得快,但忘得也快。如果我们每天只是孤立的记一些意义不连贯的单词,单调刻板,容易疲劳生厌。孤零零的记单词,可以起突击记忆的作用。但要真正巩固,会用,一定要在句子和文章里多接触才行。采用“词不离句”这种学习方法,不仅容易记住词义。而且可以了解词的用法并掌握句型。所以记单词不如记短语,记短语不如记句子。这样记,把拼写、词义、用法和句型连在一起,可以提高学习效果。

句型是从许多类似的句子总结出来的句子框架或核心句子。只要掌握这些句型和典型句子就能举一反三,触类旁通,收到事半功倍的效果。句型也是语法的项目,只有很好地掌握才能有效地学好语法。因此,应认真学习和掌握重要句型。下面按年级介绍重要句型。

一年级重要句型

1. 特殊疑问句及其答语

1)What is your name? My name is Lilei. 你叫什么名字?我的名字是李磊。

What’s this in English? It’s a ruler. 这个用英语怎么说?是一把尺子。

What’s one and two? It’s three. 一加二等于多少?等于三。

What are these? They are kites. 这些是什么,是风筝。

What can you see in the picture? I can see a lot of people in it. 你在图画里看到了什么? 我看见许多人。

What’s the time? It’s five twenty. 是什么时间? 是5时20分。

What’s wrong with the watch? It’s broken . 手表怎么啦? 它坏了。

What would you like? I would like some cakes. 你喜欢什么?我喜欢一些蛋糕。

What are you doing? I’m doing my homework. 你正在做什么?我在做作业。

What do you do? I’m a worker. 你是干什么工作的?我是工人。

What class are you in ? I am in Class 2 Grade 1. 你在哪个班?我在一年级2班。

What color is the car? It’s green. 那辆车是什么颜色的?是绿色的。

What day is it today? It’s Friday. 今天是星期几?星期五。

What time do you have supper? I have supper at 7:30。

2)Who’s this? This is Lily. 这是谁?这是莉莉。

Who’s Lily? She is Lucy’s sister. 莉莉是谁?她是露西的妹妹。

Who’s the girl on the chair? 坐在椅子上的那个女孩是谁?

Who’s on duty today? Han Meimei is. 今天谁值日?是韩梅梅。

3)Whose is this knife? It’s his. 这是谁的刀子?是他的。

Whose is this bedroom? It’s mine. 这是谁的卧室?是我的。

Whose coats are these? They are theirs. 这些是谁的上衣?是他们的。

4)Which food do you like? I like eggs and meat. 你喜欢哪种食物?我喜欢蛋和肉。

Which man? The one in the white car. 哪位男士? 在白色小汽车里面的那一位。

5) Where is Jim? He is at home . 吉姆在哪里?他在家里。

Where’s Lucy’s books? They are in her bag. 露西的书在哪里?在他的书包里。

Where do you work? I work in Beijing. 你在哪里工作?我在北京工作。

6) How are you? I’m fine, thank you. 你好吗?我很好,谢谢。

How do you do? How do you do?您好!您好!

How do you spell it ? B-double-O K . 你是如何拼写的?B双写O—K。

How do you like Chinese food? I like it very much. 你认为中国菜怎么样?我十分喜欢。

How old are you? I’m nine.  你几岁?我九岁。

How many birds can you see in the picture? I can see five.  你在图画里能看见多少只鸟?我能看见5只。

How many chairs are there in the classroom? There are fifty-two. 教室里多少张椅子?有52张。

How many apples do you want? I want four. 你要多少个苹果?我要4个。

How much meat do you want? I want one kilogram. 你要多少斤肉?我要一公斤。

How much is the pen? It’s 10 yuan. 那支笔多少钱?10 元。

2. can / could + 主语+ 动词原形----?

Can you spell you name?  你会拼写你的名字吗?

Could you help him, please? 请你帮助他一下,好吗?

3. I think + 宾语从句

I think he’s very old. 我认为他年纪很大了。

I think it’s ten o’clock now. 我想现在是10点钟了。

4. everyone 后接第三人称单数动词

Everyone knows the old teacher. 大家都认识那位老教师。

Is everyone here today? 今天每个人都到了吗?

5. …or…

Is your friend a boy or a girl? 你的朋友是男孩还是女孩?

Is your English teacher a man or a woman? 你的英语老师是男的还是女的?

6. 以there/here 开头的倒装句

Look ! There comes an old man. 瞧! 一位老人走过来了。

Here’s a full bottle of orange. 给你一瓶满的橘汁。

Here you are.  给你。

7. 祈使句

Please look at the blackboard. 请看黑板。Ask that woman! 请问那位女士!

This way, please! 请这边走!Let me see. 让我想一想。

Let’s go and see Mr Wang. 让我们去看看王先生吧。

Don’t throw the frisby like that! 不要那样扔飞盘。

8. look like 后接名词

It looks like a cat. 它看起来像只猫。I look like my mother. 我看起来像我母亲。

9. go shopping, do the shopping

I want to go shopping this afternoon. 今天下午我要去购物。

You can help me do the shopping, 你可以帮助我购物。

10. class Three 后接单数或复数动词

Class Three have a map.  3班有一幅地图。Class Three is a good class.  3班是个好的班级。

11. It’s + 形容词性物主代词/名词所有格+ turn

It’s my turn now. 现在轮到我了。It’s Bill’s turn to be on duty today. 今天轮到比尔当值日生了。

12. give 后接双宾语

Give the twins the sweaters. 把毛衣给双胞胎。Please give me a cup of tea. 请给我一杯茶。

We give some pictures to our friends. 我们给朋友们一些图画。

13. It’s time + to + 动词原形, It’s time +for + 名词

It’s time to go to school. 该是上学的时间了。It’s time for breakfast. 该是吃早餐的时间了。

14. want + 名词, want + to + 动词原形

They want some help. 他们需要一些帮助I want to put them in the box. 我想把他们放在箱子里。

15. what about + 名词/代词

What about this blue one? 这件蓝色的怎么样?What about a glass of milk? 喝杯牛奶怎么样?

16. put + 名词/代词+away

Put your school books away, please.请把你们的学习用书收拾好。

You must put away your things. 你必须把东西收好。

Please put them away. 请把它们收好。

17. would you like +名词+ to + 动词原形

Would you like some bananas? 你想要些香蕉吗?Would you like to eat an apple? 你想吃个苹果吗?

18. get to +名词, get + 副词

We get to school at seven. 我们7点到达学校。We get home very late. 我们很晚才到家。

19. there + be

There is a river near our school. 我们学校附近有一条河。

There’s some milk in the glass. 杯子里有些牛奶。

There are twenty girl students in our class.  我们班有20名女生。

20. 通常some 用在肯定句, any 用在疑问句或否定句。

There are some flowers under the tree. 树下有一些鲜花。

Is there any milk in the glass? 玻璃杯里有牛奶吗?

There are not any houses in the picture. 图画里没有任何房子。

21. 动词help 的常用句型

1)help +某人+动词原形

My father helps me mend the bike. 我父亲帮助我修理自行车。

2)help + 某人+ to + 动词原形

I help my mother to clean the window. 我帮助母亲擦窗户。

3)help + 某人 + with + 名词

The teachers help me with my lessons. 老师们帮助我学习功课。

22. how many + 可数名词复数, how much + 不可数名词

How many bottles of orange would you like? 你想要多少瓶橘汁呢?

How much meat would you like? 你要多少肉呢?

23. borrow , have --- back

Can I borrow your watch? 我可以借你的手表吗?

Can I have my kite back? 我可以把我的风筝要回来吗?

24. 动词have 的常用句型

1)肯定句

I have many good friends at school. 我在学校有许多好朋友。

My father has two sisters. 我父亲有两个姐姐。

2)否定句

They don’t have any bananas. 他们没有任何香蕉。He doesn’t have any brothers. 他没有任何兄弟。

1) 疑问式

Do you have any pencils.? 你有铅笔吗?

Does Jim have any Chinese friends? 吉姆有中国朋友嘛?

25. where is /are + 主语 + from

Where is your teacher from? He is from England. 你的老师是哪里人? 他是英国人。

26. how do you like + 名词

How do you like Beijing? 你觉得北京怎么样?

How do you like this picture? 你觉得这幅画怎么样?

27. 动词 like --- a little/ a lot, don’t /doesn’t like ----at all

She likes it a little. 他有点喜欢它。  She likes it a lot .她非常喜欢它。

Li lei doesn’t like milk at all. 李磊一点也不喜欢牛奶。

二年级重要句型

1. welcome to + 地点

Welcome to China. 欢迎来到中国。Welcome to our school! 欢迎光临我校!

2.a new pair of shoes

He has a new pair of shoes. 他有一双新鞋。I want a small piece of bread. 我要一小片面包。

3.call + 宾语+ 宾语补足语

Please don’t call me Lily. 请不要叫我莉莉。He called his daughter Lucy. 他把女儿叫做露西。

4. by + 交通工具或方式, on foot

They often go to Shanghai by bus\ train\ ship \ plane. 他们常乘汽车、火车、船、飞机去上海。

They will go to London by air\ land\ sea\ water.

I always go to school on foot. 我总是步行去学校。

5.It’s a fine day for +名词

It’s a fine day for swimming. 这是适合游泳的好天气。

6.形容词,副词比较级的常用句型

1) 比较级:形容词、副词比较级+ than

He is taller than his father. 她比他父亲高。

He goes to school later than his brother. 他上学比他弟弟迟。

2) 最高级: 形容词、副词最高级 + of \in

Jim is the tallest of us all. (必须有the ) 吉姆是我们大家中最高的。

Li lei goes to school (the ) earliest in our class. 在我们班李雷上学最早。

7. 名词 +with + 某物 + in + 代词

I like the mooncakes with nutes in them. 我喜欢那些里面有果仁的月饼。

I like the book with pictures in it. 我喜欢有图画的那本书。

8. 感叹句的常用句型

1) how + 形容词、副词+ 主语|+ 谓语

How beautiful the girl is! 那位女孩多漂亮啊!

How hard our teacher works! 我们老师工作真勤奋!

2) what + 形容词 + 名词 + 主语 + 谓语

What a strong boy he is! 他是多么健壮的孩子啊!

What delicious food! 多可口的食物啊!

9. thank + 某人 + for+ 动词-ing

I must thank him for telling me the news. 我必须感谢他告诉我那个消息。

Thank you for giving me the message. 谢谢你转告我那个口信。

10.be going to + 动词不定式

We are going to play basketball. 我们打算去打篮球。

There is going to be a meeting this afternoon. 今下午将有一个会议。

11.be busy with  +  名词 、 动词-ing

He is busy with his homework. 他在忙于做家庭作业。

The farmers are busy picking apples. 农民们正在忙于摘苹果。

12.shall I \we -----?

Shall I go to help you ? 我去帮助你, 好吗?

Shall we go out for lunch? 我们出去吃午饭, 好吗?

13. make it + 时间     安排在......

I think we can make it six thirty. 我想我们可以把时间定在6点半。

14. be good at + 名词、动词-ing

His sister is good at English. 她妹妹擅长英语。

Are you good at reading maps? 你善于看地图吗?

15. I don’t think + 宾语从句 ( 肯定式)

I don’t think chichens can swim. 我认为鸡是不会游泳的。

I don’t think his father is right.  我认为他父亲不对。

16.stop + 不定式, stop + 动词-ing

We stopped to help the old man. 我们停下来去帮助那位老人。

Please stop talking and the class begins now. 请停止讲话,现在开始上课。

17. keep + 宾语 + 形容词

We must keep it cool. 我们必须保持它凉爽。

The other students in the class keep their eyes closed. 班上的其他学生闭着眼睛。

18.had better + 动词原形

You had better do your homework at night. 你最好晚上做家庭作业。

You’d better not go home today. 你今天最好不回家。

19.be sorry + 动词不定式

I am sorry to be late. 很抱歉我迟到了。

I am sorry to tell you that he is not here. 我遗憾地告诉你他不在这里。

20.比较级 + and + 比较级

It is getting colder and colder. 天气正在变的越来越冷。

Beijing becomes more and more beautiful. 北京变的越来越美。

21.一般过去式与ago 连用

I saw her at the library two years ago. 两个小时前我在图书馆见过他。

22. was\ were born

He was born on May 4, 1995. 他生于1995年5月4日。

When and where were you born? 你生于何年何地?

23. 由 because 引导原因状语从句

He didn’t come to school yesterday because he was ill.  他因病昨天没有来学校。

24. enjoy oneself, enjoy + 动词-ing

The children enjoyed themselves that night. 那天晚上孩子们玩的很痛快。

Boys enjoy playing football, 男孩喜欢踢足球。

25. 由 when 引导的时间状语从句

When I got there, he was at work. 我到那里时, 他正在工作。

26. make + 宾语 + 动词原形

Don’t make the children study all day. 别强迫孩子们整天学习。

27. talk to /with + 某人, talk about + 某人、某地

She is talking to (with) her sister. 她正在跟她妹妹谈话。

What are you talking about? 你们正在谈论什么?

28. be afraid of + 名词或+ that

I am afraid of the cat ,我害怕那只猫。

I am afraid that it’s going to rain. 恐怕天要下雨了。

29. ask / tell + 某人 + 动词不定式

You may ask him to help you. 你可以请他帮助你。

He told me to get up at half past six. 他叫我6点30分起床。

30. 反义疑问句: 陈述句+ 一般疑问句

You didn’t go to school yesterday, did you? 你昨天没有上学,对吗?

Your mother wasn’t at home then, was she? 你母亲当时不在家, 对吗?

Her sister can swim, can’t she? 他姐姐会游泳,对吗?

31.系动词 + 形容词

His house is very old, 他的房子很旧了。She looks very young. 他看起来很年轻。

He seems very happy today. 今天他似乎很高兴。It is getting cold. 天气正在转冷。

The trees turn green. 树木变绿了。

32.get ready for + 名词

We must get ready for the harvest. 我们必须为收割做好准备。

33.like better/ best

Which do you like better, apples or bananas? 苹果和香蕉,你比较喜欢那一种?

I like tomatoes best of all. 在所有的东西中我最喜欢西红柿。

34.go on + 动词-ing  , go on + for + 名词

Let’s go on singing English songs. 让我们继续唱英语歌吧。

The rain went on for two days. 雨持续下了两天。

35.forget + 不定式 + , forget +动词-ing

When I left the room , I forgot to close the door. 离开房间时,我忘了关门。

He forgot  reading the book before. 他忘了以前曾经读过那本书。

与forget用法相同的动词是: remember 如:

Remember to phone her tomorrow. 记住明天给他打电话。

I remember meeting him before. 我记得以前遇见过他。

36.so + 助动词 + 主语

He likes swimming. So do I . 他喜欢游泳,我也是。He can skate. So can he. 她会滑冰,他也会。

He fell off his bike. So did I . 他从自行车上摔下来,我也如此。

37.help someone/oneself to + 食品

Shall I help you to some more rice? 要不要我给你再来点米饭。

Help yourselves to the fruit. 各位请随便吃水果。

38.everything /something /anything/nothing + 形容词

Is there anything interesting in the book? 那本书里有趣闻吗?

There is still something different between towns and cities. 城镇与城市还是有些不同的。

39.turn right / left ,  turn to the right/left.

Go along this street and turn left. 沿着这条街走,然后向左转。

Walk along this road and turn to the right. 沿着这条马路走,然后向右转。

40.too + 形容词 +to + 动词原形

He is too  young to go to school. 他太小,还不能上学。

He was too tired to speak. 他累得讲不出话来。

41.until 作为介词和连词的常用句型

I’ll wait here until ten o’clock. 我将在这里一直等到10点。

I didn’t see her until today. 直到今天我才见到她。

We didn’t stop until it began to rain. 直到开始下雨,我们才停来。

42.teach oneself + 名词

My father is teaching himself English.我父亲正在自学英语。

  三年级重要句型

1.here are + 复数名词 + for + 某人

Here are some letters for you. 这是给你的一些信。

必须注意:here is 后接单数名词。如:

Here is an English book for him. 这是给他的一本英语书。

2.hope + 宾语从句

I hope you study English well . 我希望你学好英语。

3.both + of + 复数名词

Both of my parents are teachers. 我的父母都是教师。

3. why don’t you + 动词原形

Why don’t you get up early? 你为什么不早起床?

4. catch up with + 名词

Now I have to work hard to catch up with my classmates. 现在我必须努力赶上同学们。

5. be far behind + 某人

You are far behind others, please catch up with them. 你落后别人了,请迎头赶上吧。

6. drop + 某物  + on the ground

He dropped the knife on the ground. 他把刀子扔到地上。

8.like /begin +不定式/动词-ing

I like watching ( to watch ) TV in the evening. 晚上我喜欢看电视。

9.复数主语+ take turn s

The students take turns to stand up. 学生们轮流站起来。

10.形容词/副词 + enough

Today the eggs are not cheap enough. 今天的蛋不够便宜。

The teacher didn’t speak loudly enough. 那位老师说话声音不够响亮。

11.show + sb + sth

Please show me the way to the station. 请给我指明去车站的路。

12.one of + 形容词最高级+ 复数名词

Wuhan is one of the biggest cities in China. 武汉是中国最大的城市之一。

13.as + 形容词原级 +as , not as/so + 形容词原级 + as

English is as interesting as music. 英语像音乐一样有趣。

She is not as careful as her sister. 她不像她妹妹那么细心。

14. take +某物+ with +人

You should take your pens and books with you. 你应随身带着笔和书。

15. agree with +某人

I agree with Miss Zhao. 我同意赵小姐的意见。

16. prefer 常用句型

1) 后接名词

I prefer music. 我喜欢音乐。

2) 与to 搭配使用

He prefers apples to bananas. 他喜欢苹果胜过香蕉。

3)用在选择疑问句

Which do you prefer, tea or milk? 你喜欢哪一种,茶还是牛奶。

17. find 的常用句型

1) find + 名词

He can’t find his brother. 他找不到自己的兄弟。

2) find +名词 + 形容词

You’ll find English useful after you leave school. 你毕业后会发现英语是有用的。

3) find + it + 形容词 + 不定式

I find it interesting to learn English. 我发现学英语很有趣。

18. It is +时间段 +since

It is (has been) two days since he returned. 他回来已有两天了。

19. every time 引导时间状语从句+主句

Every time I see him, he feels very happy. 每次我看见他,他都感到高兴。

20. 动词+ 宾语 + 动词-ing 作宾语补足语

I saw some children playing in the park. 我看见一些孩子在公园里玩。

He heard a voice calling his name. 他听到一个声音叫他的名字。

21. It’s +形容词+ of + 某人+动词不定式

It’s very kind of you to say so. 你这样说真是太好了。

It’s good of you to help me with my English. 你帮助我学习英语真好。

22. as … as possible / one can

Please come as quickly as possible. 请尽快来。

You must walk as fast as you can. 你必须尽快地走。

23. take + 某人+ to + 某地

Miss Zhao took us to a factory yesterday. 昨天赵小姐带我们去一家工厂。

24. be strict with + 某人, be strict in + 某事

Our teacher is very strict with us. 我们老师对我们要求很严格。

Mary is very strict in her studies. 玛丽对自己的学习要求很严格。

25. borrow + 某物+ from +某人

Tom borrowed a bike from LiLei. 汤姆从李雷那里借来一辆自行车。

26.动词+ 疑问词+ 不定式

I don’t know how to use a computer. 我不知道如何使用计算机。

27. say to oneself

“I haven’t forgotten anything.” She said to herself. “我什么都没有记住,” 他自言自语道。

28. spend 的常用句型

1) 表示“花费”时间

He spent two hours (in) doing his homework yesterday. 昨天他花了两个小时做作业。

2) 表示“花费”金钱

Li lei spent ten yuan on the book. 李雷买那本书花了10元。

29. do with + 某人/某物

I don’t know what to do with him. 我不知道如何对付他才好。

What have you done with the pork? 那些猪肉你怎么处理了?

30. what kinds of + 复数名词

What kinds of subjects have you studied? 你学习了哪几种科目?

31. since 的常用句型

1) 和表示过去某一时刻的词连用

He has worked in the factory since July. 自从7月份他就在这工厂工作了。

2) 和表示过去某一时刻的词组连用

She has been a teacher since five years ago. 自从5年前开始他就一直当老师。

3)since引导一个从句

I’ve never seen him since he left. 自从他离开后,我一直未见到他。

32. live in +大地点, live at + 小地点

They live in England . 他们住在英国。

Jim lives at 25 West Hill Street. 吉姆住在西山路25号。

33. miss + 名词/ 动词-ing

I missed the bus yesterday morning. 昨天上午我没赶上公交车。

We missed visiting the factory. 我们错过了参观工厂。

34. it用作形式主语代替后面的句子。

It’s true that he may fall behind the others. 真的他可能会落在别人的后面。

It’s easy that he may forget his Chinese. 他会很容易忘记中文。

35. mind 的常用句式

1) 与if 从句连用

Do you mind if I close the window? 我关窗你介意吗?

2) 后接动词-ing

Would you mind opening the door? 把门打开你不反对吗?

36. Which of these + 最高级

Which of these cars would you most like to own? 这些汽车你最想拥有哪一种?

37. what … for (why)

What do you study English for? 你为什么要学英语?

38. need +名词/ 动词-ing

The students need some help. 学生们需要一些帮助。

This pair of shoes needs mending. 这双鞋需要修补。

39. make sure + 不定式/从句

Make sure to turn off the light before you go out.你出去以前务必把灯关掉。

Make sure she has enough food every day. 务必让他每天都有足够的食物。

40. 反义疑问句:---will you? /shall we ?

Open the window, will you? 把窗打开,好吗?

Let’s go for a walk, shall we? 咱们去散散步,好吗?

41. there be + 主语+ 分词短语

There is a fire burning in the fireplace . 壁炉里正燃着火。

There is an old man waiting for you at the school gate.

有一位老人在校门口等你。

42. feel like +动词ing

I don’t feel like drinking milk now. 我现在不想喝奶。

43. it 用作形式主语代替后面的不定式

It is better to give than to receive. 给予比接收好。

It is better to take a walk than to stay at home after supper. 晚饭后出去散步比呆在家里好。

It is difficult to learn English well. 要学好英语是困难的。

44.come/go+and+动词原形

Come and have a cup of tea. 来喝杯茶吧。

Can you go and buy some apples for me?你能去为我买些苹果吗?

45. such +名词+ that 从句

It was such hot weather that we couldn’t fall asleep. 天气那么炎热,以致于我们不能入睡。(so…that与such…that同义,但so后接形容词或副词。)

46.decide+动词不定式

We decided to visit a farm.我们决定参观一个农场。

My father decides to buy a bike for me.我父亲决定给我买一辆自行车。

47.cost , spend 和 pay 使用不同的句型

1) cost的主语是物

The book cost me eight yuan. 这本书花了我8元钱。

2) spend 的主语是人,常与on 连用,或者 in doing。

I spent 8 yuan on the book.. 我花了8元钱买这本书。

3) pay 的主语是人, 常与for 连用。

I paid 8 yuan for the book. 买这本书我花了8元钱。

48. be used for + 名词/动词-ing

The pan is used for cooking. 平底锅是用来煮东西的。

The sweater is used for keeping warm. 毛衣是用来保暖的。

49. 行为动词 + so + 副词 + that 从句

He spoke so fast that we couldn’t understand him. 他说的这样快以致于我们听不懂他的话。

50. 在when / if 从句中, 用一般现在时代替一般将来时

When you have time you should have a good rest. 当你有时间的时候应好好休息。

I’ll talk to him if he comes tomorrow. 如果他明天来,我就跟他谈谈。

51. hundred + 复数名词, hundreds of + 复数名词

There are hundreds of students in the park. 公园里有数百名学生。

52. in + 表示衣服( 颜色)的词

Mr Smith was in a blank coat . 史密斯先生穿着一件黑外套。

The little girl in white is my sister. 那个穿着白衣服的小女孩是我的妹妹。

53. so that + 状语从句

He gets up early so that he may catch the bus. 他起早以便能赶上公共汽车。

Everyone said “no”, so that the plan was dropped. 大家都反对,结果计划告吹了。

54. be + being +done

Many trees are still being cut down. 许多树木现在仍被砍伐。

A bank is being built near our school. 我校附近正建一家银行。

55. 主语+ be + 数词+ 名词+ 形容词

The river is two hundred meters wide . 这条河有200米宽。

This street is over 300 meters long. 这条大街有300多米长。

56. stop …from +动词-ing

The mother stopped her son from watching TV. 母亲阻止儿子看电视。

57. the + 形容词/副词 比较级,

The more, the better. 越多越好。

The more you read, the better you write. 你读的越多,就写得越好。

58. be + 过去分词

A big hotel is going to be built here. 这里要建一家大旅馆。

59. quite + 形容词, quite + a /an +形容词+名词

The shop was quite new.这家商店很新。

There was quite a new shop near his home. 他家附近有一家相当新的商店。

60. be + so + 形容词+ that 从句

She was so tired that she couldn’t stand up. 她累得不能站起来了。

自测题 (14)

一. 句型转换: 按括号内的要求完成句子

1. They are your apples. ( 改为单数形式)___________________your apple.

1. This is my knife. ( 改为复数形式)These  ____________ our __________.

2. Mary likes singing. ( 改为一般疑问句)____________ Mary _________singing?

3. Will they go shopping tomorrow? ( 给出肯定答案)________, they _______.

4. The students are playing basketball on the playground now. ( 改为一般疑问句)

________ the students ________ basketball on the playground now?

5. The boy paid 20 yuan for this pair of shoes.  (划线部分提问)

________ ______  did the boy pay for this pair of shoes?

6. Lily won’t go to the park with you.

Lucy won’t go to the park with you, either.

_______ Lily ________ Lucy will go to the park with you.

7. Sam was so tired that he couldn’t walk farther. ( 改写句子,意思不变)

Sam was ________ tired _________ walk farther.

8. What time does the plane arrive in Beijing?Do you know? (合并句子)

Do you know what time the plane ________ _________ Beijing?

9. They will build a hospital in this city. (改为被动句)

A hospital will _________ ___________ in this city.

二. 选择填空

1. There is going to ________ a football match tomorrow.

A.  be  B.  is   C.  has  D.have

2.  They’ll start the meeting ________ the morning of Oct. 4.

A.  at   B.  in  C.  on  D. unitl

3. If it _______ rain tomorrow, we’ll go to the park.

A.  doesn’t   B.  won’t   C.  will   D.  isn’t

4. They had a picnic last Sunday,  _______ they?

A.  don’t  B.  didn’t  C.  hadn’t  D.  haven’t

5. Be quick ! There’s  _______ time left.

A.  a little   B.  little   C.  a few   D.  few

6. Did Tom have ______ to tell you?

A. something interesting   B. interesting something  C. anything interesting   D. interesting  anything

7. A friend of  ______ came to see ____ yesterday.

A. him;him  B. his;his   C. him;his  D. his;him

8. This coat is too small for me. Would you please show me ______ one ?

A. other   B. others   C. the others   D. another.

9. The teacher told the boys       play in the street.

A. don’t to      B. didn’t to      C. to not      D. not to

10. Could you tell me       ?

A. the bus why late   B. why the bus is lateC. the bus why is late     D. why is the bus late

11. Thank you for       us so      .

A. teach, good    B. teaching, well    C. teaching, good     D. teach, well

12. We really enjoyed       on the farm.

A. work      B. worked       C. to work       D. working

13. Jim       a lot of friends since he came to China.

A. has made     B. made     C. makes      D. has maked

14. He wants to know       to the cinema.

A. when go      B. when to go      C. when goes     D. when to going

15. The girl has a round face and big eyes, and she       her mother.

A. looks for      B. looks at        C. looks like      D. looks over

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 楼主| 发表于 2020-9-20 22:03:37 | 显示全部楼层
习惯用语和固定搭配

A

a bit (of) 有一点,一会儿

a few 一些,少量

a kind of 一种,一类

a little 一点,少许

a lot of 许多,大量

a number of 一些,许多

a pair of 一双,一副

a piece of 一块,一张,一根,一片

above all 首先,首要

according to 根据,按照

after all 毕竟,终究

again and again 反复地,再三地

agree to do sth. 同意做某事

agree with sb. 同意某人的看法,与某人看法一致

all kinds of 各种各样的

all over 到处,遍及,结束

all right 行了,好吧,(病)好了

arrive at (in) a place 到达某地

as a matter of fact 事实上,其实

as a result (作为)结果

as...as 像,如同

as for

as soon as 一…就…

as if 好像,仿佛

as though 好像,仿佛

as usual 通常,平常地

as well 也,还有

as well as 除……之外(也)

at least

at present

B

belong to 属于

be good for,be good at,be good to

be strict with sb,be strict in sth.

be famous for, be famous as

be wrong with

be angry with, be angry about

be pleased with,be pleased at/about/with

be kind to/be friendly to

be afraid of

be polite to sb.

be late for

be proud of

be used to

be used for

be full of

be fit for

be interested in

be busy in doing/be busy with sth.

be confident of

be ready for

be different from

be anxious about/for

be famous for

be tired of

be successful in

be terrified of

be (get) tired of

be(get) mad at

be(get) annoyed with sb at sth.

be popular with

be familiar with

be familiar to

be ashamed of

be careful of

be far from

be sorry for

because of

be proud of 骄傲,自豪

be strict with 对……严格要求

break down 损坏; (把化合物等)

分解,(汽车)抛锚

break off 打断; 折断

break out (战争、火灾等)突然发生,

爆发

by accident 偶然

by mistake

by air ( bus, train, ship ) 乘飞机(公共

汽车,火车,轮船)

by and by 不久以后,逐渐地

by the way 顺便说

C

call up 号召,打电话

care for 喜欢;照顾(病人)

catch up with 赶上(或超过)

change into 转换成,把……变成

check in 报到,登记

check out 查明; 结账

come back 回来,想起来

come down 落,下来

come from 出生(于),来自

come in 进入,进来

come on 来吧,赶快

come out 出来,(书等)出版,发行

come to 共计,达到

come true 变为现实,成为事实

come up with 追上,赶上;想出(主意);找出(答案)

compare to 与……相比

compare with 与……相比

congratulate...on 祝贺……

cut down 砍倒

cut off 切断

D

day and night 日日夜夜

do one's best 尽最大的努力

deal with 处理,对付

depend on (upon) 依靠,相信,信赖

different from 与……不同

divide...into... 把……分成……

do some cleaning (shopping) 做扫除(买东西)

E

each other 相互

either...or 或者……或者……

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

even if 即使,尽管

even though 即使,尽管

ever since 自那时起直到现在

face to face 面对面

F

fall asleep 入睡

fall ill 患病,病倒

far away 遥远的

far from 远离

feel like doing 想要……, 感觉要……

fill ... with 用……填充

fill in 填充

find out 查明,发现,了解

first of all 首先

for ever 永远

for example(instance) 例如

for a while

from now on 从今以后,今后

from then on 从那时起

from... to 从……到……

from time to time 不时,偶尔

G

get along with 与……相处

get away 逃; 离

get back 返回; 回来; 回家

get close (to) 接近

get down 降下

get off 脱下(衣服等);下车

get on 上车;过活

get on with sb. 与……相处

get together 聚会,联欢

get up 起床

give away 分发

give back 归还;送回

give in 屈服,让步

give out 分发

give up 放弃

go away 走开,离去

go by 走过; 经过; 过去

go fishing (shopping, skating)(去)钓鱼(买东西,滑冰)

go for a walk 散步

go on 继续

go on doing... 继续干某事,不停地干某事

go on with 继续

go out 出去, 熄灭

go over 仔细检查,复习

go through 浏览; 翻阅,通过

grow up 长大成人,成长

H

had better (do) 最好(做)

hand in 上交; 交纳

hand out 分发

have a cold 患感冒

have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快

have classes 上课

have fun with 玩得高兴

have to 不得不;必须

hear of 听说,知道

hear from 收到……的来信

help oneself to 请随便吃点

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

help...out 帮助某人解决困难

hold on 等一等(别挂电话)

hurry up 赶快,快点

I

in a minute

in a hurry 匆忙,很快地

in all 总之

in a word 简言之,总之

in danger 处在危险状态

in fact 事实上,实际上

in front of 在……前面

in good heath

in need of 需要,缺少

in order 按顺序

in order that 为了

in order to 为了

in other words 换句话说

in peace 安静,宁静

in public 当众;公开

in surprise 吃惊,惊讶

in the end 最后,终于

in this way

in time 及时,来得及

instead of 代替,而不是

J

join in 参加,加入

join up 联合起来,联结起来

just now 现在,刚才

K

keep doing sth. 继续做某事

keep off 勿踏; 勿踩

keep on 继续(进行)

knock at 敲

knock into sb. 撞上

L

laugh at 嘲笑

lead to 导致,导向

let in 让……进来,放进

let out 放掉, 泄露

live on 以……为主食,靠……为生

look after 照顾

look ahead 向前看,展望未来

look down upon 看不起,轻视

look for 寻找

look forward to 盼望

look into 向……里面看去; 调查

look out 留神,当心

look through 看穿, 浏览

look up 查找

lots of 许多,大量

M

make a face 做鬼脸,做苦脸

make friends with 与……交朋友

make up 和解,化装

make up of 由……组成,构成

make up one's mind 下决心

millions of 成百万上千万,数以百万计

more or less 或多或少

N

neither...nor 既不……也不……

next to 紧接着,相邻,次于

no longer 不再

not any more 不再

not at all 一点也不,绝非

not only ... but also 不仅……

而且……

not so...as 不像,不如

not till/until 直到……才

now and then 不时,偶尔

O

of course 当然

on duty 值日,值班

on foot 走路,步行

on show 展出,在上演(放映)

on time 准时

on the other hand

on/over the radio 通过收音机

once again 再一次

once more 再一次

once upon a time 从前,很久以前

one after another 一个接一个

open up 开启;开创; 开辟

out of breath 上气不接下气

out of order 运转不正常,出毛病

out of work 失业

over and over again 反复,多次重复

P

pass by 经过

pay attention to 注意

pay back 偿还(借款等)

pay for 付款

pay off 偿清(欠款等)

pick out 选出

pick up 拾起,捡起, 接收;开车去接……

point out 指出

point to 指向

prevent ... from 妨碍, 防止, 预防

put away 储存

put down 记下

put off 推迟

put on 穿,戴上,上演

put on a performance 演出

put out 扑灭,关熄

put up 挂起,举起, 贴(广告等)

R

rather than 而不,非

regard... as 把……看作

ring back 回电话

ring up 打电话给

right away 立即,马上

right now 立即,马上

run away 逃跑, 失控

run out of 用完

S

save one's life 挽救某人生命

see...off 为某人送行

sell out 卖完, 出卖

send for 派人去叫(请)

send out 发出,派遣

send up 发出, 射出

set down 放下

set free 释放,解放

set off 动身,起程;使爆发

set out 出发; 开始

set up 建立,创立

side by side 肩并肩,一起

so as to 以便,为的是

so far 到目前为止

so...that 太……以至于……

sooner or later 迟早,早晚

spend...on 在……花钱

stand for 代表,象征

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

stop to do sth. 停下来做某事

such as 例如

T

take away 拿走

take it easy 别着急,别紧张

take off 脱下,起飞

take one's time 从容,慢慢行动

take out 取出

take place 发生

take the place of 取代,代替

take up 占去,占据(时间、地位等)

talk about 谈论,议论

talk of 谈论,议论

the day after tomorrow 后天

the day before yesterday 前天

the more...the more... 越…就越……

the other day 前几天,某日

think about 考虑(是否去做)

think of 想起,考虑;认为,看法

thousands of 成千上万,几千

throw away 扔掉

too...to 太……以至于不……

try on 试穿,试试看

try out 试验

turn down 关小,调低

turn off 关掉(水电、电视、收音机等)

turn on 打开(水、电视、收音机、灯、

煤气等)

turn over 翻动,犁翻(土地)

turn up 到达,来到;开大(声音)

U

up and down 上下,来回

used to sth. 习惯于

used to do sth. 过去常常

W

wait for 等候,等待

wake up 醒来

work out 算出,解决

worry about 担心,烦恼

write down 写下,记下

write to 写信给……

write for为……撰稿



词类及其在句子中的功能作用

1. n.名词, 表示人或事物的名称, 常当主语, 表语, 宾语和定语

2. v.动词, 表示动作行为或状态, 包括vt.及物动词, vi.不及物动词, aux.助动词和 mod (al)v.情态动词, 及物和不及物动词可单独当谓 语, 助动词和情态动词要和及物和不及物动 词一起当谓语

3. art.冠词, 表示不确切指明或确切指明某对象, 常放在名词前面当定语

4. a(dj).形容词, 表示性质特征特性, 常放在名词前面当定语

5. ad(v).副词, 常放在动词前或后当状语,一些表示地点方位的副词在名词后当定语,如here/there/below/above

6. prep.介词, 常后接名词或代词当定语, 补语或状语

7. conj.连词, 常连接两个或两个以上的句子或词语

8. num.数词, 常放在名词前当定语, 也可当主语, 表语

9. pron.代词, 指代人或事物, 常当主语, 表语和宾语

10. int(erj). 感叹词, 表达语气和口气, 常单独使用







词汇巩固练习

单词拼写(根据汉意或首字母用单词的正确形式完成句子)

1. Our _________________(能力) to think and speak makes us different from other animals.

2. This song is very popular, both at home and a____________________.

3. Several students are __________________(缺席) from school today.

4. He speaks with a strong southern ___________________(口音).

5. He hopes to _________________(实现) all his aims soon through hard work.

6. The newspapers nowadays are full of ________________________(广告)for cars.

7. This book is about the ___________________(古代的) civilizations of Asia.

8. Under such pressure, she still a_________________ very calm.

9. Scientists from both sides of the ___________(大西洋) will meet next month in New York.

10. We should pay more a__________________ to the needs of older people.

11.These tickets are ___________________(可利用的) for only one month.

12. Measures must be taken to _______________(避免) the risk of fire.

13. Some poor families are unable to meet their _________________(基本的) needs.

14. The articles about finance are __________________(超出) me.

15. The wind has b________________ my hat off.

16. My grandpa often mentions his ___________________(辛酸的) experience.

17. He forgot to ___________________(取消) his doctor’s appointment.

18. The new houses have very high ___________________(天花板).

19. He always thinks that the ads on TV are trying to _______________(欺骗) the audience.

20. You can hear the _________________(欢呼) of the students.

21. The store offers a wide ____________________(选择) of fruit and vegetables.

22. Teachers are used to c_________________ students’ mistakes in red ink.

23. It is possible that we will be able to _________________(克隆) human beings in the future.

24. We got a professional basketball c_______________ to help us train the team.

25. Teachers must be able to _____________________(交流;沟通) effectively with students.

26. The workers are required to _____________________(完成) the task on time.

27. The children were asked to write a _____________________(作文) about the vacation.

28. The government is trying to improve living c_______________ for the farmers.

29. Representatives from over 100 countries attended the International Peace C___________________.

30. When making a decision, we should ____________________(考虑) the result carefully.

31. It is disappointing that our young generation lack the _________________(勇气) to face difficulties.

32. Many colleges are offering basic computer c__________________.

33. Sometimes life seems __________________(残酷的) to us.

34. Many foreigners have great ____________________(困难) with Chinese grammar.

35. This city has witnessed great economic _____________________(发展) in recent years.

36. He was unfairly ___________________(解雇) from his job.

37. Please don’t d__________________ me while I’m working.

38. The teacher d_______________ the class into groups for oral practice.

39. There is no d______________ that one day a cure for cancer will be found.

40. Parents should talk openly to their children about the dangers of taking __________(毒品).

41. The company makes every _______________(努力) to satisfy clients’ wishes.

42. He is going to the hospital tomorrow to have his knee _________________(检查) again.

43. Most parents e_________________ much of their children.

44. The river ___________________(结冰) overnight.

45. Every day is a ____________________(新鲜的) start.

46.___________(手势) are important body language and can sometimes tell us more than words.

47. All one’s g_________________ are swans(天鹅). 王婆卖瓜,自卖自夸。

48. He was _______________(给予荣誉) for his bravery.

49. It was a wonderful speech--- clear and _____________________(幽默的).

50. The cause of the problem wasn’t _____________________(立刻;马上) obvious.

51. Thailand is famous for its highly developed tourist i____________________.

52.CD players were first _____________________(引进) in 1983.

53. Strike while the i_______________ is hot. 趁热打铁。

54. Who will m_______________ the company while the director is away?

55. He would m_______________ the places of interests on the map of every city he was going to visit.

56. The throat ____________________(手术) was performed successfully.

57. His novel is a _________________(镜子) of the times.

58. Hawaii is in the P______________Ocean.

59. His childhood was the happiest ________________(时期) of his life.

60. The teacher highly ___________________(赞扬) her students for their honesty.

61. This new medicine can ____________________(防止;阻止) patients from suffering pain.

62. P______________ goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

63. That’s only her ____________________(个人的;私人的) opinion.

64. You should keep your p_____________________ and never break it.

65. Speak as much English as you can, and don’t worry too much about your ___________________(发音).

66. Physical exercise can p____________________ us against disease.

67. This job aims to __________________(提供) more opportunities for young people.

68. Dangerous driving should be severely ___________________(惩罚).

69. To our great ________________(遗憾), we can’t stop pollution at once.

70. The problem _________________(保持;仍然) to be discussed tomorrow.

71. This professor is doing ______________________(研究) on Chinese literature.

72. Stundents are often asked to __________________(复述) the text in their own words.

73.The performance of the football team didn’t ____________________(使满意) her fans.

74. Anyone who _________________(得分) under 60 will have to retake the exam.

75. The police were s_______________ the woods for the lost child.

76. ________________(很少) have I read a book with such wonderful pictures.

77. No one can s___________________ Taiwan Province from China.

78. He was so strong-minded that nothing could s________________ his will.

79. S______________ the joys and hardships together with your family.

80. Your solution to this problem is quite ____________________(相似的) to mine.

81. Unemployment and crime are ____________________(社会的) issues.

82. Gold is a s______________, but is becomes a liquid when you heat it.

83. Have you any _______________(多余的;空闲的) time to do me a favour?

84. Fire quickly s_________________ from the factory to the houses nearby.

85. The thief broke into the shop and s________________ 45 dollars in cash.

86. The astronauts _________________(成功) in returning from the moon to the earth according to the plan.

87. Parents are ____________________(应该) to protect their children.

88. Tina’s sharp ___________________(语言;舌头) will get her into trouble one day.

89.I still kept in t_______________ with my high school teacher after graduation.

90. He doubts the _________________(真相;事实) of the story.

91. _________________(财富) should be created through our own hands.

92. That girl is on a diet because she wants to lose w________________.

93.A lot of places in Western China are ________________(值得) visiting.
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