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新目标八年级下册英语《Unit2 I will help to clean up the city parks》教学案导学案

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发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
新目标八年级下册英语《Unit2  I will help to clean up the city parks》教学案导学案
Unit 2  I’ll help clean up the city parks.

第一课时  Section A (1a-2d)
学习目标
1.掌握重点词汇:clean up,cheer, cheer up, give up, give up, volunteer, come up with, put off, sign, notice, hand out, call up, used to, lonely, care for.
2.学会应用“I could…”、“I hope to…”等句型,向别人提供帮助。
3. could向他人提建议, 动词短语的区别
重难点
1.重点词汇用法及短语动词用法。
2.could向他人提建议, 动词短语的区别,角色扮演
自学指导
一.翻译下列词组。
1.打扫________           2.分发________________       3.使高兴;振奋____________
4.sick children             5.at the food bank              6.想出_______   
7.推迟______             8.张贴__________________      9.分发____________   
10.打电话___________    11.清洁日________________      12.care for ______________   13.used to______________    14.help out_____________15.after-school study program      
二.完成1a的任务。
三.听力导学
1.听力前准备
1)认真阅读1b各句子,弄懂大概含义,并猜一猜空格会填什么内容。
2)看懂2a中五幅图片的内容,用英文把图片反映的内容描述出来。
3)认真阅读2b中句子,猜一猜空格会填什么内容。
2.听录音,仔细听录音内容,完成1b,2a,2b,并核对答案。
3.重放录音,跟读录音内容。
合作探究
1. You could help to clean up the city parks.
1)help作动词,“帮助”。help sb.to do sth.意为:______________.
如:He often helps me to study English.
2)help作名词,“帮助”。如:______________________. 谢谢你的帮助。
2. sick和ill的用法区别
sick是形容词,"生病的",同义词是ill。区别在于sick在句中可做      语和____     语,而ill只能做     语。如:His father was /sick yesterday, so he didn't go to work.他的父亲昨天病了,因此他没有去上班。Tom has looked after the sick girl for a week. 汤姆照顾那个生病的小女孩已经一星期了。
3.We need to come up with a plan for the City Park Clean -up Day. 我们需要为城市公园清洁日想出一个计划。
【解析】come up with =think up想出
【短语】think about 考虑   think of 想起   think over 仔细考虑
【谚语】Think before you act 三思而后行
(    )①We need______________(想出) a plan.
(    )②My mother came up with a good idea which we all agreed to.
A. thought about   B. thought up    C. thought hard
4. They told me stories about the past and how things used to be.
   他们给我讲过去的故事,并告诉我过去事情是什么样子的。
【解析】(1) use v.使用→useful  adj. 有用的  use up 用完
Studying English is__________(use).
(2) use sth. to do sth. 用某物做某事
We use Internet __________(find) information.
(3) used to do sth. 过去常常做某事,表示过去做过的事现在已经不做,只用于过去时态。
My mother used_________(tell)us story when we were young.
(    ) He used to ____short and ____ short hair when he was young.
       A. have; be  B. be; have   C. be; be   D. have; have
(4) be /get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
My grandpa is used ___________(live) in country.
(5) be used to do sth. 被用来做某事=be used for doing sth.
①Stamps is used ____________(post) letters.
【记】He used to wear glasses. But now he is used to wearing contact lenses.
      他以前常戴(框架)眼镜,但现在习惯戴隐形眼镜。
5.Yeah, a lot of old people are lonely. 是的,很多老年人都很孤独。

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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:30 | 显示全部楼层

【解析】alone / lonely 辨析:
(1)alone = by oneself adj. 单独的,指无人陪伴的客观事实,不带感情色彩。
He often walks alone to home .
(2)lonely ①指人孤独的,寂寞的,强调主观感受;②也可指某个地方是荒凉的
(   ) 1.The old man lives ___,but he never feels ____.
A. alone;lonely  B. lonely; alone  C. alone; alone  D. lonely; lonely
(   ) 2.My little sister is afraid to stay at home alone.
A. quietly     B. lonely     C. all the time    D. by herself
(   ) 3.He did the work all by himself.
       A. already    B. together   C. alone   D. lonely
6. We can't put off making a plan.
1)put off"推迟、取消(会议,约会等),动副词组,后跟动词时应用其-ing形式,代词作宾语需放在put和off中间。例如:
_____________until tomorrow what can be done today.今天可以做的事情不要推到明天。
Please don't put off ___________your homework.请你们不要拖延做作业。
2)make a plan 意为____________.
make a plan to do sth________________.
3) 归纳关于put的词组                               。
达标检测
从方框中选择恰当的词组,并用其适当形式填空。
clean up, put up, cheer up, set up, come up with, give out ,put off, call up
1.He has a lot of work to do, so he has to _______________going to  the doctor.
2.Could you help me _________________ these new books?
3.Don’t worry. I’ll help ______________your room.
4.Let’s _______________the sick kids in the hospital.
5.In the end, Grandma ________________ a good idea.
6.Would you please not _______________signs here?
7.We’re going to ______________a food bank to help hungry people.
8.I’ll ________you________ as soon as I come back.
要点归纳
重点词汇用法及短语动词的用法。
拓展练习
根据汉语提示完成句子
1.We can’t ________________ (推迟) holding a meeting .
2.He is a great man. He’d like to help _______________(无家可归)people.
3.He came very early, so that he could help _____________(清扫)the floor.
4.The football team won the game, and the football fans _______________(高声欢呼).
5.Suddenly he ______________________(想出了) a good idea.
6.They planned to _______(建立) a student volunteer project at the school.
总结反思
我的收获__________________________________________________________________
我的失误___________________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第一课时部分。


第二课时 Section A (3a- 3c)
学习目标       
1.学习P11—12的生词。
2.理解短文大意,把握细节。
3.非谓语动词(动词不定式做宾语、宾语补足语、目的状语)的用法。
重难点       
非谓语动词(动词不定式做宾语、宾语补足语、目的状语)的用法。
自主预习
(一)翻译下列词组。
1.放弃______         2.动物医院___________              3.关心__________________
4.实现__________    5.at the age of four________________    6.try out for _________   
7.after-school reading program _____________                 8.张贴_____________   
9.分发_______________  10.打电话____________  11.使振奋____________               12.想出______________  13.捐赠 ______________           14.推迟 ____________  
15.闲暇时间_________   16.考虑______________            17.制定计划___________
18.无家可归的人____________       19.停止做某事__________
(二)自读、小组内互读单词和词组。
合作探究
1. Mario Green and Mary Brown from Riverside High School give up several hours each week to help others. 来自河畔高中的马里奥.格林和玛丽.布朗每周都会花几个小时去帮助别人。
【解析1】give up 放弃
give up doing sth=stop doing sth 放弃做某事
(    ) I find it too difficult to learn English well. I want to drop it.
   A. give up it   B. give it up    C. give away it  D. give it away
2.But I want to learn more about how to care for animals.
【解析】care for 照看;照顾; 照料
Many students in our school _______ the old and they usually offer their seats to them on buses.
A.worry about      B. care for        C. agree with      D. take care
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:34 | 显示全部楼层

【拓展】care相关短语:
    take care =be careful 当心,小心
    take care of =look after照顾,照料,照看
    take care of 处理,做完
care for照顾,照看
3.She could read by herself at the age of four. 她在四岁的时候就能够独自阅读。
【解析】at the age of 在......岁的时候= when sb. was ... years old.
—Do you know Mo Yan?
—Of course, He won the 2012 Nobel Prize four Literature _____ the age of 57.
           A. in                        B. at                C. on                 D. To
4.Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program.
去年,她决定尝试在一个课后阅读项目中做一名志愿者。
【解析】try out 尝试;实验
        try v. 试图,设法,努力  
【拓展】(1)try on 试穿
        (2) try to do sth. 努力做某事 【侧重尽力做】  
        (3) try doing sth. 试图做某事 【侧重尝试做】
        (4)try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事
We should __________________(尽最大努力)to be happy in the future.
(    )We should try ___ much fruit.
     A. eat    B. to eat   C. eating   D. Eats
达标检测
用所给词的适当形式填空。
1.Mr.Green gives up his free time_____(visit)the old in the old people’s home.
2.When he saw the children singing happily, he got such a strong_______(feel)of
satisfaction.
3.Bob decided_______(try)out for a job in a foreign company last week.
4.Mr. Chen stopped__________(do)his job for a year to teach kids in a village
school in Gansu Province.
5.These volunteers are making plans to help those_______(home)people.
总结反思
我的收获__________________________________________________________________
我的失误___________________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第二课时部分。


第三课时  Section A (Grammar Focus-4c)
学习目标
知识技能目标:掌握并灵活运用本课的重点词汇raise,alone,
重点短语:put up,hand out,call up,cheer up,come up with,give out,put off
重难点
动副短语的用法
情感态度目标:主动向他人提供帮助
自主预习
翻译短语。
1)建立,建造                         2)计划做某事                          
3)使振奋起来                         4)推迟                                 
5)花费……做某事                     6)第77中学                           
7)帮组某人做某事                     
8)不仅……而且……                    
合作探究
动词不定式
动词不定式的基本形式是“to+动词原形”,有时可以不带to,动词不定式没有人称和数的变化,在句子中不能作谓语。动词不定式仍保留动词的特点,即可以有自己的宾语和状语。动词不定式同它的宾语或状语构成不定式短语。动词不定式具有名词、形容词和副词的特征,因此在句中可以作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语和状语等。初中要求掌握的动词不定式的句法作用有:
句法作用例句作宾语She likes to read stories.作状语I get here to get my papers.作宾语补足语She asked me to clean the desk.二、情态动词could用于提建议,语气比can委婉。
You could help to clean up the school yard.
达标检测
一.找出与划线部分意思相同或相近的选项。
(   )1.The child looked sad. Let’s cheer him up.
  A.happy                    B.make him happier  
          C.shouted       D.give a help
(   )2.We’re going to set up a project to help hungry people.
A.start            B.give up            C.get up                   D.turn up
(   )3.They need to come up with some ideas.
A.think about           B.help…with                  
C.think up                    D.think over
(   )4.I’d like to help the kids do their homework.
A.help… doing          B.help… with                  
C.give a help     D.give a hand
(   )5.When he grows up, he wants to be a doctor fo r animals.
A.great man                   B.vet                                   
C.good doctor                 D.kind of animal
二.从方框中选择恰当的词组,并用其适当形式填空。
clean up, put up, cheer up, come up with, give out ,put off, call up
1.He has a lot of work to do, so he has to ________going to  the doctor.
2.Could you help me _________ these new books?
3.Don’t worry. I’ll help ________your room.
4.Let’s _________the sick kids in the hospital.
5.In the end, Grandma __________ a good idea.
6.Would you please not __________signs here?
7.We’re going to _________a food bank to help hungry people.
8.I’ll ________you________ as soon as I come back.
总结反思
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:38 | 显示全部楼层

我的收获:_________________________________________________________
我的失误:_________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第三课时部分。

第四课时  Section B (1a-1d)
学习目标  
1.学习P13的生词和短语。
2.进一步掌握谈论提供帮助的句型。
3.有效培养学生的阅读能力。
重难点       
1. 学会如何向别人表示感谢。
2. .掌握动词短语和动词不定式。
自主预习
1.译一译,读一读,背一背
1)相似的                  2)修理         
3)修理(短语)           4)与……相像      
5)用完,耗尽             6)赠送,捐赠              
2. 自主预习完成1a,1b.(必要时查查字典)
合作探究
1.辨析 take after & look like
1)take after 由于血缘关系而(外貌、性格等方面)相似,和              意义接近。如:
I take after my mother= ___________________________.我像我妈妈。
2)look like  看起来像……(多指外貌),如:He             his mother. 他长得像他妈妈。
2.辨析fix,repair与mend
repair 用于建筑、堤坝、机器、车辆等的修理;fix是美语用法,等于repair; mend一般用于衣服,鞋袜等小东西,偶尔也用于道路、门窗等。
练一练:
Can you        my bike? 你给我修修自行车行吗?He is          a road. 他正在修路。
3.run out of 意为_________________, 相当于 ______________.
I have run out of my pocket money. 同义句:________________________________________.
达标检测
一.从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出一个意义不同的选项。
(   )1. A.set up                           B.start               
C.establish                   D.set off
(   )2. A.take after                   B.look after               
C.look like                   D.be similar to
(   )3. A.give out                           B.hand out               
C.give away               D.put away
(   )4. A.not…any longer           B.no longer               
C.not…at all               D.no more
(   )5. A.work out                B.mend                C.fix up                  D.repair
二.用所给词的适当形式填空。
1.Let’s cheer _______ (they)up,OK?
2.I’d like _____ (visit)my English teacher tomorrow.
3.I’ll feel good about _______ (help)the old people.
4.He _____(spend) every morning _______ (do)some sports.
5.They plan ___________ (buy) a big house.
要点归纳
掌握短语:run out of, take after, fix up, give away的运用及听力技能提高。
拓展练习
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:41 | 显示全部楼层

一.词语释义。
(   )1.She doesn’t have any more of it.
A.takes after                        B.looks out               
         C.runs out of                   D.gives away
(   )2.Have you fixed them up?
A.repair        B.repairs        C.repairing        D.repaired
(   )3.They take after me.
A.be similar to                B.is similar to               
C.be similar with        D.are similar to
(   )4.Could you put up the pictures on the wall?
A.hang                B.take                        C.give                        D.bring
(   )5.Did you think up a good idea?
A.set up                                B.cheer up                       
C.come up with                D.ran out of
(   )6.We are no longer students. We should find a job.
A.never                                B.still                               
C.no…any more            D.not…any longer
二.阅读训练。
Once there was a man who had two children, a boy and a girl. The boy was good-looking but the girl was not. One day they found a mirror and for the first time they saw what they looked like. The boy was very pleased and he said to his sister, “How handsome I am! I look much nicer than you!” The girl did not like what her brother said and gave him a hard push. “Go away!” she said. Their father saw what was happening. He went up to them and said to the boy, “you must always be good as well look good.” Then to the girl he said, “My dear, if you help everyone and do your best to please, everyone will love you. It will not matter that you are not as good-looking as your brother.”
根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。
(   )1.The story is about a woman and his two children.
(   )2.The boy looked very nice and so d id the girl.
(   )3.The sister was angry and she pushed her brother away.
(   )4.The father told his son if he could be nice and kind to people and ready to help, everybody would love her.     
(   )5.The story tells us that the most important thing for a person is to be nice and helpful to people.
总结反思
我的收获__________________________________________________________________
我的失误___________________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第四课时部分。

第五课时 Section B (2a-2e)
学习目标
1.听力练习。
2.掌握短语:run out of, take after, fix up, give away
重难点
掌握短语:run out of, take after, fix up, give away的运用及听力技能提高。
自主预习
1.译一译,读一读,背一背
1)相似的           2)修理         
3)修理(短语)           4)与……相像      
5)用完,耗尽             6)赠送,捐赠              
2. 自主预习完成1a,1b.(必要时查查字典)
合作探究
1.set up 建起;设立
e.g. Let’s set up our tent by the river. 我们在河边搭建帐篷吧。
2.disabled adj.  丧失能力的;有残疾的
dis (否定前缀)  able (能够)  disabled
e.g. He was disabled in the accident.他在事故中残疾了。
3.make a difference  影响;有作用
e.g. It would make a big difference to my life.  这会对我的生活产生很大影响。
4.exciting 与excited
exciting 意为“另人兴奋的”,常用于修饰事物;
excited 意为“激动的”,人作主语。
e.g. The boy was too excited to go to sleep. 小男孩太兴奋了,以至于不能入睡。
    I have some exciting news for you..我告诉你一些另人兴奋的消息。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:44 | 显示全部楼层

达标检测
一.用所给词的适当形式填空。
1.Let’s cheer _______ (they)up, ok?
2.I’d like _____ (visit)my English teacher tomorrow.
3.I’ll feel good about _______ (help)the old people.
4.He _____(spend) every morning _______ (do)some sports.
5.They plan ___________ (buy) a big house
二.单项选择。
(   )1.Could you put up the pictures on the wall?
A.hang                B.take                C.give                        D.bring
(   )2.Did you think up a good idea?
A.set up                                B.cheer up                       
C.come up with                D.ran out of
(   )3.We are no longer students. We should find a job.
A.never                                B.still                               
C.no…any more            D.not…any longer
总结反思
我的收获__________________________________________________________________
我的失误___________________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第五课时部分。


第六课时  Section B (3a-Self Check)
学习目标
1.在课文中加深对短语动词的理解及其用法。
2.领会助人为乐是一种社会责任感的体现。
重难点
在课文中加深对短语动词的理解及其用法。
自学指导
一、自主预习
1.词汇检测。 译一译,读一读,记一记
1)张贴,搭建          2)要求,请求            
3)分发,发放         4)产生结果,发展         
5)(互联网)站点           6)方法,策略           
7)hang out            8)a professional singer         
9) call-in             10)make money           
2.自主预习3a,把文章中的短语动词找出,并下划线。
3.认真阅读3a,完成课本3b的任务。
4.自主预习完成Self Check 1的练习题,并掌握所给词的含义及其用法。
合作探究
The strategies that he came up with worked out fine.他想到的那些办法获得了成功。
1)这是一个由that引导的定语从句,先行词是前面的strategies。动词短语worked out在这里作主语the strategies的谓语,意为“产生结果,发展为,结果是……”,后面不可接宾语,主语也不用“人”来充当。
I wonder how their ideas worked out in practice. 我很想知道他们的想法在实践中取得了什么结果。
2)work out 还有“算出”之意。如:I hardly __________ the math problem without his help yesterday. 没有他的帮忙,昨天我几乎不能算出这道数学题。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-11 21:02:47 | 显示全部楼层

达标检测
一.把下列词组翻译成英语。
1.使振奋                  2.用完,耗尽           
3.打电话                  4.分发               
5.安装,修理              6.捐赠        
7.与……相像              8.提出,想出               
9.闲逛,逗留              10.给某人提供……                  
二.用所给词的形式填空。
cheer up ,hunger ,volunteer, advertisement, come up with
1.You could ____________ in the after-school study program.
2.They even hand out _________ at a local supermarket.
3.They must __________ some ideas for solving the problems.
4.I am going to take her to the cinema to ______ her  ______.
5.Were going to set up a food bank to help ______people all over the country.
拓展练习
一.用所给词的适当形式填空。
1.I’m going to have my TV set ____________(repair) this Sunday.
2.Kathy wants to be a ________(profession) singer in the future.
3.We put up some ads ___________(ask) for old clothes and books.
4.I came up with ideas for _________(make) money to continue my study.
5.Many students volunteer their time _________(help) poor people.
6.Now Jimmy has sixteen bikes _________(fix) up and give away the poor children .
二.根据句意及汉语提示完成谢列句子。
1.Don’t _________(张贴) advertisements here and there.
2.Many kind-hearted people __________(捐赠)some money and foods to the homeless people in  Japan after a terrible earthquake hit it.
3.On weekends quite a few students like to _________(闲逛)at sports club.
4.Jim __________(与……相像) his father. They are both clever and a bit quiet.
5.This math problem is too difficult for me to___________(算出).
三、完形填空。
  Jimmy is a schoolboy. He likes old bike s very much. Last week 1.______ was trying to cheer up Jimmy the Bike Boy. But 2.______ week, Jimmy is happy again. 3._____ Monday he told a radio interviewer that he had run out of 4.______ to buy old bikes. He also put up some 5.______ asking for old bikes and called up all his friends and told them about the problem. He even 6._____ advertisements at a local supermarket. Then he told the teachers at 7.______ about his problem and they set up a call-in center for parents. The strategies 8._____ he came up with worked out fine. He now 9.______ sixteen bikes to fix up and give away to 10._____ who don’t have bikes.
(   )1.A.everyone        B.every                C.all              D.both
(   )2.A.that           B.these                   C.this              D.those
(   )3.A.In           B.On                        C.At                   D.With
(   )4.A.money           B.time                   C.food           D.water
(   )5.A.pencils        B.books           C.pictures        D.signs
(   )6.A.hand out                         B.gave out               
C.give away                    D.sold out
(   )7.A.shop           B.hospital        C.school           D.bank
(   )8.A.this           B.who                   C.that                D. where
(   )9.A.have           B.has              C.had                   D.have been
(   )10.A.child           B.a child        C.children        D.Jimmy
四.书面表达。
当今社会上有很多杰出的志愿工作者,他们用他们的汗水诠释着他们的人生。请你联系自己的生活实际,以“Being a Volunteer is Great”为题写一篇短文。
要求:语意通顺、连贯、符合逻辑,语法、时态、格式正确,字数在70字左右。
总结反思
我的收获__________________________________________________________________
我的失误___________________________________________________________________
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 2 第六课时部分。
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