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新目标八年级下册英语《Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet》教学案导学案

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发表于 2019-4-12 00:40:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
新目标八年级下册英语《Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island yet》教学案导学案
Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?
第一课时 (Section A 1a-2d)
学习目标
1.学会用现在完成时表达过去发生的但与现在情况有关的事情。
2.掌握现在完成时结构和了解其含义
3.学会区分现在完成时与一般过去时的区别。
重难点       
1现在完成时:表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
2现在完成时的构成:have/has +过去分词
自主预习
一.动词过去分词的变化规则。
二.阅读课文57-58页的内容,试着找出下列短语的翻译。
1.充满_____________________    2.赶快;匆忙(做某事)_________________
3.成长;长大_________________  4.在25页________________
5.出海_____________________    6.至少_________________
7.英国                         8.爱不释手______________
9.书的后面 _____________      
合作探究
1.现在完成时:
1)含义:表示动作过去发生,但与现在有联系或影响,此时态常与以下时间词连用,如already已经,yet已经,还,just刚刚,ever曾经,so far到目前为止,before从前,times次数,for+时间段,since自从…以来,how long多久,never从不,in the past….在过去….
2)结构:主语+have/has+动词的过去分词(have/has是助动词,没有“有”的意义)
肯定句:She has finished her work.她完成了她的工作。
一般疑问句:-Has she finished her work?-Yes,she has./No,she,hasn’t.
否定句: She hasn’t finished her work.
3)动词的过去分词的构成:规则动词的过去式就是过去分词,不规则动词的过去分词见不规则动词表。
4)现在完成时态与一般过去时的区别:句子中如有yesterday,last,just now,in1999等过去时间词出现就只用一般过去时。
5)特别提醒:句子中如有when出现,一定不能用完成时
例题:A:Jack has read the book,
      B:When did he read it?
      Aast weekend
2.Have you read Little Woman yet?你已读过《小妇人》吗?
Yet(已经,还)的用法:在现在完成时中,already(已经)用于肯定句,yet用于一般疑问句或否定句,
例句:肯定句:I have already eaten lunch.我已经吃过午饭了。
      一般疑问句:____ you eaten lunch ____?
    否定句: I _____eaten lunch ____.
3.What’s it like?它(这本书)怎么样?What+be+sth. like?表示“某物怎样?”
达标测评
一.用单词的正确形式填空。
1.I_______ ever________(drink)coffee.
2.The boy__________(water)the flowers already
3.She___________(watch)the movie twice
4.-________you _______(visit)the Great Wall before?
-Yes,I______.
5.How long_____your father_____(work)in this city?
6.He_________(get)here yesterday,so he___________(stay)here for only one day.
7.-________you ever_______(drive)a car?
  -Yes,I______.
  -When_______you first_______(drive)a car?
二.汉译英。
1.        至少 __________________________
2.        快点 __________________________
3.        在岛上___________________      
4.        听说____________________      
5.读完这本书______________________
6.长大,成长__________________
7.把它放下__________________                                                                                               

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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:00 | 显示全部楼层
   
三.句型转换。
1.He has already gone to New York.(改为一般疑问句并回答)
  ____he_____to New York____? _No,he______
2.We have learned English for two years(改为否定句)
  We _____  ______ English for two years
3.We have lived here for two years.(对画线部分提问)
______ _____have you______here?
4.Tom has ever read the book. (改为否定句)
Tom has _______ read the book.
5.Miss Green start to teach us 2 years ago.(改为同义句)
Miss Green________ _______us for 2 years.
四.单选选择。
( )1.Both his parents look sad. Maybe they ______what's happened to him.
A.knew B.have known C.must know D.will know
( )2.He has _______ been to Shanghai, has he?
  A.already B.never C.ever D.still
( )3.Have you met Mr. Li ______?
  A.just B.ago C.before D.a moment ago
( )4.The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two years.
  A.is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written
( )5.Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years.
    A.was; studying B.will; study
    C.has; studied  D.are; studying
( )6.We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl.
    A.know B.had known C.have known D.knew
( )7.—These farmers have been to the United States.
      —Really? When _____ there?
    A.will they go       B.did they go
    C.do they go         D.have they gone
( )8.—______ you ___ your homework yet?
      —Yes. I _____ it a moment ago.
    A.Did; do; finished          B.Have;done; finished
    C.Have; done; have finished  D.will; do; finish
总结反思
我的收获:                                                        
我的失误:                                                         
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 4 第一课时部分。

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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:14 | 显示全部楼层

第二课时Section A (3a- 3c)
学习目标       
1.学习P59的生词:
2.能够掌握本课出现的重点短语和句子。
3.能够正确使用现在完成时。
4.了解著名小说《鲁滨逊漂流记》,学习主人翁永不放弃的精神。
重难点
能读懂3a短文并掌握其中语言点。
自主预习
1.朗读默写137-138页的动词不规则的过去式和过去分词。
2.阅读59页的3a,然后回答问题
1)What does Robinson Crusoe wait for?___________________________________________
2)Why does Robinson Crusoe call the man Friday?___________________________________
3..完成课本59页3B根据句子意思猜单词
1)you can use these to shoot things:__________2.)Something you use to travel in the sea:_____
3)A piece of land in the middle of the sea:______4)You can use these to cut things:_________
5)Signs left behind by someone or something:________
4.小组成员互读单词和词组。
合作探究
1.I have brought back many things I can use,我带回了许多我能使用的东西。
2.Who else is on my island?还有谁在我的岛上?
1)else(其他的,别的),修饰复合不定代词或者特殊疑问词,并放其后
例:别的什么________ _________         其他的人________ _________  
别的东西________ _________         没有别的东西________ _________  
2)other(其他的,别的)修饰名词,放在名词的前面。
例:other things, other people
3)What _____do you have?=What ______ things do you have?
3.I named him Friday我给他取名“星期五”
  name sb…给某人取名…,同样的表达还有call sb…
例:他叫我小王         He calls me Xiao Wang= He names me Xiao Wan.
4.I saw some cannibals trying to kill two men from a broken ship.我看见两个肉食人正企图杀害两个从一艘破船出来的人。
see sb. doing… 看见某人在做…
see sb. do…看见某人做…
例:I often see him_______(help) the old man.
   When I came back home,I saw my mother______(cook)。
5.One of them died but the other ran toward my house.其中的一个死了,另一个向我的屋子跑来。
1)one…the other…一个…... 另一个…...
例:I have two friends,one is Tom,the other is Jack.
2) run toward…向…跑去.go toward…向…走去
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:19 | 显示全部楼层

达标测评
一.用括号内所给单词适当形式填空。
1 .Judy has already ____________ (finish) reading Little Women.  
2. Tom and Mike have already ____________ (decide) to learn Chinese on Internet.
3. Have you _____________ (read) Alice in Wonderland yet?
4.Robinson _____________ (have) already built a house on the island.
5. It often _____________ (snow) in North China in winter.
6.-Where is Miss Wu? -She ______(go)to English on business.
7.They ______(not come)back yet?
二.单项选择。
(  )1.My shoe is here,but where is ____________?
A. the others                                         B. the other  
C. another one                                        D. other
(  ) 2. Do you have _______to say?
A. anything other                         B. something else         
C. else anything                   D. anything else
(  ) 3.How long have you _______here?
A. come                   B. arrived.    C. got                         D. been
(  ) 4.Hurry up,your mother is waiting____the bus stop_____you.
A.for,at    B.at, with   C.at, for   D.for, at
(  ) 5.He is not at home, he has______Kunming.
A.been to   B.go to   C.gone to   D.been in
(  ) 6.She _____in Chongqing 5 days ago,she has_____ in Chongqing for 5 days
A. arrived, arrived   B. been, arrived   C. arrived,been   D.got, been
(  )7.His grandpa_______since 2000.
       A.died   B.has been deaded   C.has been dead   D.has died
(  )8.He will be back ______two weeks.
       A. in     B. after   C. for    D. since
(  )9. —Have you read these books?        — Yes,I_____it three days ago.
       A.have done      B.have read   C.read     D.did
(  )10.I haven’t watered the plants_______. I have to do that in a minute.
A.already      B.just    C.yet     D.ever
(  )11. —Have you cleaned the house______?
—Yes ,I have ______cleaned it.
A.already;yet      B.yet;yet   C. already;already     D. yet;already
(  )12.Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice.
     A. will  see        B. have  seen  C. saw               D.see
(  )13. — _____ you ___ your  homework yet ?
—Yes. I _____  it  a  moment ago .
A. Did; do; finished                B. Have; done; finished
C. Have; done; have  finished       D. will; do; finish
(  )14.Hurry  up! The  play __________ for  ten  minutes.
     A. has begun        B. had begun
C. has been on     D. began
总结反思
我的收获:                                                        
我的失误:                                                         
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 8 第二课时部分。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:23 | 显示全部楼层

第三课时 Section A (Grammar Focus-4c)
学习目标
1.掌握本课时单词及短语:science fiction;technology;French;can’t wait to
2.现在完成时的构成及用法。
重难点       
1现在完成时::表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
2现在完成时的构成:have/has +过去分词
自主预习
熟记语法聚焦内容
Have you read Little Women yet?         Yes,I have./No,I haven’t.
Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?        Yes,she has.She thinks it’s fantastic.
Have you decided which book to write about yet?        Yes,I have.I’ve already finished reading it. It was really good.
合作探究
现在完成时用法
1.表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
   e.g. –Have you had your lunch yet?
      –Yes, I have. I’ve just had it. (现在我不饿了。)
2.表示动作或状态从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在,而且可能还要继续下去。
  e.g. I haven’t seen her these days.
     I’ve known Bob for three years.
     I’ve been at this school for over two years.
时间状语
already, yet, just, ever, never, before
构成
现在完成时是由“助动词have / has+ 动词的过去分词”构成的,规则动词的过去分词构成与过去式相同,不规则动词的过去分词则需逐个记忆。
动词的过去式的变化和过去分词的变化并不完全相同。我们对它们作了一个大致的分类。 (注:例子中单词的变化顺序为:动词原形 → 动词的过去式  → 动词的过去分词)
一、过去式和过去分词的变化相同
规则变化:
1.一般在动词词尾直接加ed。如:pick → picked → picked; wish → wished → wished; stay → stayed → stayed
2.以不发音的e结尾的动词后面加d。如:like → liked → liked; hope → hoped → hoped; phone → phoned → phoned
3.以“辅音字母 + y”结尾的动词,变y为i,再加-ed。如:study → studied → studied; hurry → hurried → hurried; reply → replied → replied
4.词尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节动词,要双写辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop → stopped → stopped; clap → clapped → clapped
不规则变化:
5.以不变应万变。如:let → let → let; put → put → put; read → read → read
6.若中间有双写e,则去掉一个e,单词末尾再加t。如:feel → felt → felt; keep → kept → kept; sleep → slept → slept
7.结尾的字母d变t。如:lend → lent → lent; build → built → built; send → sent → sent
8.变为以-ought或-aught结尾。如:buy → bought → bought; bring → brought → brought; catch → caught → caught; teach → taught → taught
句式
1.肯定句:主语 + have / has + 过去分词 (+ 其他)
2.否定句:主语 + have / has + not + 过去
    分词(+ 其他)
3.一般疑问句:have/ has + 主语 + 过去分词(+ 其他)
4.特殊疑问句:
1)        特殊疑问词 (不是句子主语) + have / has + 主语+过去分词 (+ 其他)
2) 特殊疑问词(是句子主语)+have / has+过去分词(+ 其他)
already和yet都可以作为现在完成时的标志词,但它们的用法不同。
◆already一般用于肯定句中。如:
We have already cleaned up our classroom.
注意:already用于疑问句中时通常表示惊奇。如:
Have you finished your homework already? I can’t believe it.
◆yet一般用于疑问句和否定句中。如:
Have you seen her yet?
The bus hasn’t come yet.
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:26 | 显示全部楼层

达标检测
单项选择
( )1.(铜仁中考)—Where is Mr. Zhao?
      —He ______ to Mount Fanjing. He’ll come back ______ a week.
A. has been; in               B. has gone; after         
C. has gone; in               D. has been; after
( )2.(河北中考)Monica, you ______ the exam! Congratulation!
A. pass                B. have passed      C. will pass                   D. are passing
( )3.(达州中考)—Have you ever _______ an amusement park?
      —Yes, I have. I ______ Fun Times Amusement Park last year.
A. been to, have gone to               B. gone to, have been t o
     C. go to, went to                     D. been to, went to
( )4.(黔西南州中考)I _______ my hometown for a long time. I really miss it.
      A. left    B. went away from    C. have left    D. have been away from
( )5.(北京中考)He _____ in this factory for 20 years already.
A. will work             B. works           C. has worked             D. is working
总结反思
我的收获:                                                        
我的失误:                                                         
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 8 第三课时部分。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-4-12 00:41:29 | 显示全部楼层

第四课时Section B (1a—1d)
学习目标       
1.学习P61的生词和短语。
2.能掌握并灵活运用本课所学的知识谈论个人喜好。
重难点       
现在完成时的构成和用法
自主预习
翻译下列短语
1.pop music________________  2.wake up_______________
3.band name___________________ 4.make sb. do sth._____________
合作探究
must的用法
must是情态动词,没有人称或数的变化,后接动词原形,其主要用法如下:
1.表示义务或必要性,意思是“应该、必须”,通常用于肯定句及疑问句。如:You must go to bed now. 你现在必须睡觉了。
2.must的否定式是must not/ mustn’t,意思是“不应该、禁止”,语气较强烈。如:
You mustn’t smoke here. 你不许在这里吸烟。
3.由must引出的一般疑问句,肯定回答用must,但否定回答一定要用needn’t, 绝不能用mustn’t,因为mustn’t表示“不许、禁止”的意思,与问句的原意不符。
如:—Must I stay at home? 我必须留在家里吗?—Yes, you must. 是的,你必须留在家里。(No, you needn’t. 或No, you don’t have to.)(不,不用了。)
4.当说话人对所发生的事情进行推测时,must的意思是“一定、准是”,主要用于肯定句,否定句常用can’t。如:He must be a doctor. 他一定是个大夫。
达标检测
用所给词的适当形式填空。
1.I _____ already ______(see) the film. I _______ (see) it last week.
2.--____ he _______(finish) his work today?--Not yet.
3.My father _____ just ______(come) back from work. He is tired now.
4.So far I _________(make)quite a few friends here.
5.I _____ just _________(finish) my homework.
6. ______ you ________(find)your science book yet?
7.I’ve lost my pen. _____ you ______(see)it anywhere?
总结反思
我的收获:                                                        
我的失误:                                                         
课后作业
完成《学练优》Unit 8 第四课时部分。
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